Nov 8, 2017

Top 10 Benefits Of Aadhar Card

Top 10 Benefits Of Aadhar Card
Aadhar card is a unique-identity given to residents of India. Aadhar means ‘base’ which represent the native land of Indian people. It was launched on 28 January 2009. It allows 12-digit unique number issued to all Indian residents based on their biometric and demographic data.

Aadhar is the world's most extensive biometric ID system, with over 1.171 billion enrolled members as of 15 Aug 2017. The data for Aadhar Cards were collected by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), a statutory authority established in January 2009.

In the Aadhar Act 2016, UIDAI is responsible for enrolment and authentication, including operation and management of all stages of Aadhar life cycle, developing, procedure and system for issuing Aadhar numbers to a citizen of India and perform authentication.

Read: PAN Card

The first step towards a unique nationalised digital identity was the approval of a Multipurpose National Identity Card (MNIC) in 2003 by the NDA government. With the change in the governing party, an empowered group of ministers (EGOM) headed by Shri Pranab Mukherjee was formed. A proposal to set up the UIDAI was mooted in August 2008, and soon after, the decision to notify the UIDAI as an executive authority under the planning commission was taken. The current stage of the UID scheme or Aadhar and it is called as a centralised, biometrics-based database took shape under the guidance of  Nandan Nilekani, erstwhile head of the IT major Infosys, who took over as the first Chairperson of the UIDAI.

Here is a short year brief on the history of Aadhar Card-:
•    1999-: Later the Kargil war, the Kargil Review Committee, headed by security analyst K. Subrahmanyam, was formed to study the state of National Security.

•    2000-: They submitted their reports to Prime Minister Atal Bihari Bajpayee on 7 January 2000.

•    2001-: Then in late September 2001, the Ministry of External Affairs proposed that a mandatory national identity card.

•    2003-: In December Citizenship Bill, 2003 was introduced in Lok Sabha by L.K Advani.

•    2009-: The UIDAI was established on 28 January after planning commission of India issued a notification.

•    2010-: In April, the first logo of Aadhar launched by Nilekani.

•    2012-: On 26 November, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh launched an Aadhar-linked direct benefits transfer (DBT) scheme. The project aimed to eliminate leakages in the system by directly transferring the money to the bank account of the recipient.

•    2013-: On 9 October, the National Payments Corporation of India launched an Aadhar-based remittance system. Using the system funds could be transferred to any Aadhar-linked bank accounts if only the Aadhar number were known.

•    2014-:  On 5 July, Modi announced that his government retained the project and asked the official to look into linking the project with passports.

•    2016-: As of 31 March 2016, 99.9 corers (999 million) Aadhar numbers have been issued in the project.

As per current Government of India trying to make Aadhar card as mandatory in every document and an identity as the soul of every Government sectors (i.e. banking sector etc.). Aadhar Card makes possible to get any type connection without huge documents. It is easy to carry and fetch the data from anywhere. Some of the benefits are follows-:

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is National Mission for Financial Inclusion to ensure access to banking services, saving, deposits, credits etc. Aadhar Card as an only document to open the Bank Account. Record Holder, the citizen came forward and participated in this Yojana. Benefits provide an opening of the bank account at zero balance, offered Rupay card, life and accident insurance and many other.

The 12 digit individual identification number on Aadhar card is used to get LPG subsidy amount directly into bank account. To get this benefit, you need to link your 17 digit LPG consumer number. Although now you can get direct benefits transfer by connecting the bank account to the LPG number.

•    PASSPORT -:
If you have Aadhar card you can get the passport in just ten days. Under this format, police verification will be done at a later date as opposed to the previous rule requiring police verification which used to be time-consuming. Also under the new government’s rule, if you need a passport, Aadhar number is compulsory.

•    Voter Card Linking-:
Linking of Aadhar card is done to remove the ambiguity of voters. Once an Aadhar number is linked, it would become impossible for a multiple voter ID card holder to make illegal use as per registration requires voter card holder to be physically present and represent Aadhar card to the polling booth officer for linking. 

•    Provident funds-:
Provident fund money will be given to the account holder who has registered their Aadhar number with employee provident fund organization (EPFO).

•    Pensions-: 
All the pensioners from select states will now have to disclose (register) their Aadhar card number to their respective department to receive a monthly pension.

•    Digital Locker-:
Government of India has launched Digital locker system for everyone for storing all personal documents on the government’s server. It needed 12 digit Aadhar number to sign in.

•    Income Tax-:
Aadhar card has cut down the several steps and documentation needs. We can just verify our Aadhar card with simple steps online. Log into the e-filing website of the Income Tax department using your PAN number. Then link your Aadhar number. You can upload your Income Tax Return (ITR) forms. Choose the option to generate an Aadhar one-time password. This will verify your number. You can upload your Income Tax Return (ITR) forms. Furnish this code to verify your Income Tax Return. You can also verify returns uploaded on an earlier date. Do this by choosing the Aadhar OTP verification option.

•    Digital Life Certificates-:
Aadhar card linked digital life certificate is another initiative which was launched by Department of Electronics and IT named as ‘Jeevan Praman for Pensioners’, this system will end the process where pensioner had to be physically present at Pension Disbursing Agency to avail pension.

•     SEBI-: It is now accepted as a proof of address by Securities and Exchange Board of India for investing in stock market. Till now, it was used by SEBI as identity proof.


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