Smart Cities Mission - Statement and Guidelines
Smart Cities Mission
This is a part of series of Honorable Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi.
Through this scheme it is estimated that the 100 cities of India are going to be developed as Smart Cities by modernizing the existing mid-sized cities.
Cities contribute nearly 31% of India's current population and contribute 63% of GDP according to Census 2011 where urban areas are expected to house 40% of India's population and contribute 75% of India's GDP by 2030. This requires development of physical, institutional, social and economic infrastructure. So, it is assumed that the Smart City is a way to step up in that direction.
What is Smart City Meant?
Smart City uses the ICT which means Information and Communication Technologies to increase the quality and performance and decrease the Costs and Resources Consumption. It also prearranges the citizens effectively and actively.
Smart Cities Mission Strategy:
- Pan-city initiative in which at least one Smart Solution is applied city-wide
- Develop areas step-by-step – three models of area-based developments
Important Elements for Smart Cities Scheme:
- Adequate water supply
- Assured electricity supply
- Sanitation, including solid waste management
- Efficient urban mobility and public transport
- Affordable housing (especially for the poor)
- Robust IT connectivity and digitization
- Good governance (especially e-governance and citizen participation)
- Sustainable environment
- Safety and security of citizens (particularly women, children and the elderly)
Indemnity and Span:
It is estimated that 100 cities will be selected from all over India for the Smart cities Project and time duration is 5 years that is from 2015-2016 to 2019-2020.
The Government is going to invest about Rs. 48,000/- Crore for the development of 100 smart cities and that is Rs. 100/- Crore per City per year.
Smart Cities Challenges in India:
Here are the challenges for the smart cities in India:
Availability of master plan or city development plan
- Financial sustainability of ULBs
- Technical constraints of ULBs
- Reliability of utility services
- Three-tier governance
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