Monday, August 20, 2018

UPSC 2018 - 19 Notification Latest Updates News & Information

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
UPSC stands for Union Public Service Commission is central recruitment agency of India. It was established on 1 October 1926, and headquarter is in New Delhi, Shahjahan road. It was later reconstituted as Federal Public Service Commission by the Government of India Act, 1935. Now it is named as today's Union Public Service Commission after the independence.

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The official website of UPSC is  UPSC is responsible for conducting exams like Civil Services Exam, IFS, NDA, CDS, SCRA etc. Civil services examination is popularly known as IAS exam and includes almost 24 services like IFS, IPS, IRS, IRPS and so on. Exam of UPSC is the one of toughest exam in India. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All Indian services, group A & group B of Central services.

They conduct the exam all over India in different cities/town. This agency is granted by Part XIV of the Constitution of India, named as Services under the Union and the States. Thousands and Lakhs students or bachelor candidate apply in the exam every year. For UPSC exam candidate should pass his/her graduate degree. 

History:  The civil servants of the East India Company used to select by directors of the company, and after that, they get training in London, and back to India. The report of Lord Macaulay’s says that the criteria of the selection committee of British were merits based modern Civil Service in India was introduced in 1854. For the recruitment of candidate, Civil Service was established in 1854, and competitive exams were started in 1855. Initially, this examination was conducted for Indian Civil Service which was only held in Landon. To appear in the exam an age criterion was made, which were 18 years will be a minimum age and 23 years will be maximum age. The syllabus was designed on the European classic which was difficult for Indian people. In 1864, Shri Satyendranath Tagore brother of Shri Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian who qualifies the exam. 

The next 50 years, Indians conduct for simultaneous examinations to be held in India without any success because the British Government who did not want many Indians to qualify and enter into the ICS. From 1922 onwards, the Indian Civil Service Examination was begun to be held in India, first in Allahabad (U.P) and later in Delhi (Capital of India) with the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission. This led to the establishment of the first Public Service Commission on 1 October 1926 under the chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker. For the selection of police for Indian, the first exam was held in England in June 1893, where top-10 candidates were appointed as Assistant Superintendents of Police. After 1920, the exam also started in India. Till 1931, Indians candidate were appointed against 20% of the total posts of Superintendents of Police. However, because of non-availability of the desired European candidates, more Indians candidate was elected to the Indian Police from the year 1939 onwards.

Regarding Forest Service, British India Government started the Forest Department in 1864 and to organize the affairs of the Forest Department, and Forest Service was constituted in 1867. The selected candidate gets their training in Germany and France after training they send back to Indi. After independence, the Indian Forest Service was created in 1966 under All India Service Act 1951.

The functions of the Public Service Commission were not explained in the Government of India Act, 1919, but the regulated by the Public Service Commission (Functions) Rules, 1926 framed under sub-section (2) of Section 96(C) of the Government of India Act, 1919.  The Government of India Act, 1935, further envisaged a Public Service Commission for the Federation and a Provincial Public Service Commission for each group of Provinces. Therefore, regarding the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935 and with its coming into effect on 1st April 1937, the Public Service Commission became the Federal Public Service Commission. So, with the beginning of the Constitution of India 26 January 1959, the Federal Public Service Commission is known as Union Public Service Commission.
How to apply: 
The candidate can apply for UPSC from official website link: From here one check all notifications related to posts for service which has the vacancy.

Posts in UPSC: There are some posts that candidate apply through the UPSC-:
·         Indian Administrative Service.
·         Indian Foreign Service.
·         Indian Police Service.
·         Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.
·     Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).
·         Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
·         Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.
·         Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’
·         Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.
·         Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. III).
·         Indian Corporate Law Service, Group "A".
·         Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
·    Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.
·    Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.
·         Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.
·         Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’.
·      There is a list of Services Identified suitable for Physical Disabled candidates along with the Physical Requirements and Functional Classifications:
·         Indian Administrative Service
·         Indian Foreign Service
·         Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Central Excise, Gr. 'A
·         Indian P&T Accounts & Finance Service, Gr. 'A'
·         Indian Audit & Accounts Service, Gr. 'A
·         Indian Defence Accounts Service, Gr. 'A
·         Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Gr. 'A'
·         Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Gr. 'A
·         Indian Postal Service, Gr. 'A
·         Indian Civil Accounts Service, Gr. 'A
·         Indian Railway Accounts Service, Gr. 'A'
·         Indian Railway Personnel Service, Gr. 'A
·         Indian Railways Traffic Service Gr. 'A'
·         Indian Defence Estates Service Gr. 'A
·         Indian Information Service, Gr. 'A'
·         Indian Trade Service Gr. ‘A’ (Gr.III)
·         Indian Corporate Law Service
·         Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Gr.'B' (Section Officers' Grade)
·     Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Gr. 'B'

·         Pondicherry Civil Service, (Group B)

Centre’s of UPSC Examination:
The Examination for Preliminary will be held at the following Centre’s:  

The centers of Civil Services for Mains examination as given below:


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Recruitment Criteria: 

UPSC conducting exam in the three phase selection process for the Recruitment of the contenders. These phases are following,

(A)   Preliminary Exam 
(B)   Written Test and
(C)   Personal Interview

Read: परीक्षा के लिए Preparation नोट्स कैसे बनाए !

UPSE Syllabus is divided into three categories
Preliminary Exam-: The Preliminary syllabus is mainly designed to check candidate's knowledge of current affairs and aptitude within the given time. The preliminary paper is a compulsory and qualifying paper in order to appear in next exam.

Syllabus of UPSE-: 

 Syllabus of Paper I (200 marks) :  
• Current events of national and international importance
• History of India and Indian National Movement
• Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
• Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
• Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc

• General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization General Science.
Syllabus for Paper II-(200 marks) :
 • Comprehension
• Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
• Logical reasoning and analytical ability
• Decision-making and problem solving
• General mental ability

• Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc Class X level).

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Mains Exam:The Mains syllabus is basically designed to judge a candidate's academic knowledge in his/her specialized in their subject. The syllabus also focuses on testing student’s ability to present knowledge in a clear and well arranged manner. The main examination has 9 papers and the syllabus is designed according to the subjects. The Preliminary and Mains syllabus is designed for written test. Candidates, who qualify successful in the Preliminary and Main examination, can appear for the interview that is last step of the process of recruitment.

Paper I - Modern Indian language – 300 Marks:
·         Comprehension of given passages.
·         Précis Writing.
·         Usage and Vocabulary.
·          Short Essay.
·          Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa

Paper II - English - 300 marks: The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned. The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-
·         Comprehension of given passages.
·           Précis Writing.
·          Usage and Vocabulary.
·          Short Essay

Paper III - Essay - 250 Marks-:
·         To be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice.
·          Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic.
·          The choice of subjects will be given.
·          They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.
·          Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

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Paper IV - General Studies - I250 Marks:
·   Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
·         Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
·  The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
·     Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
·           Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
·          Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
·           Effects of globalization on Indian society.
·          Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
·          Salient features of world's physical geography.
·          Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

 Paper V - General Studies II - 250 Marks:
·         Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
·        Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
·         Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressed mechanisms and institutions.
·         Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
·          Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
·     Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
·           Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
·  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
·          Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
·         Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
·        Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
·       Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions.
·     Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
·    Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
·         Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
·      Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
·         Role of civil services in a democracy.
·         India and its neighborhood- relations.
·       Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests.
·          Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian Diaspora.
·          Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

 Paper VI - General Studies III - 250 Mark:
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
·         Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
·    Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
·          Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
·         Government Budgeting.
·         Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
·        Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
·       Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
·         Land reforms in India.
·         Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
·         Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
·         Investment models.
·         Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
·       Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
·          Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
·          Disaster and disaster management.
·          Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
·     Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
·          Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
·       Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Paper VII - General Studies IV - 250 Marks:
 (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
·    This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
·         Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
·      Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
·     Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
·       Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
·    Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
·         Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
·   Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
·  Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption Case Studies on above issues.

Paper VIII - Optional Subject - Paper I - 250 Marks-: Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects.

 Paper XI - Optional Subject - Paper II -250 Marks-: Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects.

Pattern of UPSC:  The pattern of UPSC consists of two paper that is Prelims and Mains. Where Prelims exam is mandatory to seat in the Main exam. The criteria of marks distribution are as follows-:
 Prelims Exam-:
·         The Prelims exams consist of 400 marks.
·         This is divided into two papers each contain 200 marks.
·         Both the question papers are of the objective type (multiple choice questions) of two hours each.
·         Blind candidates would be allowed an extra 20 minutes of time for each paper.
·          The question papers will be both in Hindi and English language. But questions related to English Language or Comprehension questions would be given in English only.
Mains Exam-:
·         After qualifying the Prelims exam candidate can appear in the main exam.
·         Main Exam is consisting of 9 papers with grand total of 2075 Marks.
·         Paper-1 consists of easy writing with 250 Marks.
·         Paper-2 consist of General Studies-1 (Indian Heritage and Culture, Geography and Society of World) having 250 Marks.
·         Paper-3 consist of General Studies-2 (Governance, Policies and International relations) having 250 Marks.
·         Paper-4 consist of General Studies-3 (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) having 250 Marks.
·         Paper-5 consists of General Studies-4 (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) with 250 marks.
·         Paper-6 consists of Optional Subject-Paper I with of 250 Marks.
·           Paper-7 consists of Optional Subject-Paper II with 250 Marks.
·         Paper-8 consists of Indian languages with 250 marks.

·          Personality Test (Interview) 275 Marks.

Eligibility-:  The eligibility to set in the UPSC exam that candidate should hold a bachelor degree with 50% minimum marks with certified University. The age limit of candidate should minimum 21 year old and should not exceed 32 year old.  For OBC, the upper age limit is 35, SC and ST the limit is 37 years. Physically Disabled (Blind, Deaf, Orthopedic) limit is 42 years. The candidate should be citizen of India.

Number of attempts-: The number of attempts is divided according to various categories. General category candidates has 6 attempts, OBC category candidates has 9 attempts, SC/ST Candidates has unlimited attempts. All these attempts also applicable with physically disable candidates

  •       Candidates applying offline (through common application form) are required to pay a fee of Rs. 100/- (Rupees one hundred only) through a single Central Recruitment Fee Stamp.

  •        No fee for women, SC/ST and physically disable candidates.

  •   Candidates who are applying online (excepting female/sc/st/physically handicapped candidates who are not required to pay fees) are required to pay a reduce fee of Rs. 50/- (Rupees fifty only) either by remitting the money in any branch of SBI by cash, or by using net banking facility of SBI or by using visa/master credit/debit card. 
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