Monday, September 14, 2015

Reservation for SC ST & OBC in Employment - Explained & FAQ

Reservation for SC ST & OBC in Employment

Few days earlier it was announced for the queries in the reservation of the OBC, ST and SC category for the employment in Central Government Jobs,
Minister of Personnel, and Pensioners’ Grievances & Pensioners welfare. Now the reply to the queries about the Reservation for OBC, ST and SC in employment is given below.

                                        GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
    MINISTRY OF  PERSONNEL,PUBLIC GRIEVANCES AND PENSIONS
                                        RAJYA SABHA
                                UNSTARRED QUESTION NO-3040
                                   ANSWERED ON-20.12.2012

                                       OBCs in Government jobs
Queried by: 3040. DR. GYAN PRAKASH PILANIA
(a) The statistics regarding employment of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) (number/percentage) in Central Government Jobs – Groups A to D;
(b) Whether this scenario is negation of 27 per cent reservation of OBCs, as mandated by Government since 8 September, 1993;
(c) If so, the reasons therefore;
(d) In what matter the above statistics compare with SC/ST reservations; and
(e) The steps being taken to fill-up backlog and time-frame thereof?

ANSWER:
Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions and Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office (SHRI V. NARAYANASAMY)

(a): As per information received from various Ministries/ Departments, the Group- wise representation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in Central Government services as on 1.1.2011 is as under:-
Groups
Number of OBCs
Percentage of OBCs
A
5357
6.9
B
13,897
7.3
C
3,46,433
15.3
(erstwhile) D
81,468
17.0

(b) To (d): 
In open competition: Reservation to Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in Central Government services is provided at the rate of 27%.
Other than by open competition: Reservation for OBCs is provided at the rate of 25.84%.
Representation of OBCs is still low for the reason that reservation for them started only in September, 1993. Moreover, those OBCs recruited before 1993 have not shown themselves as OBCs since the reservation was not available to them before 1993, and they were recruited/ appointed as general candidates. There is no reservation for OBCs in promotion.
Reservation to SCs in Direct Recruitment is available since 1947. Whereas, reservation for STs in direct recruitment was introduced in 1950. The provision of reservation in promotion for SCs/STs is available since 1955.
As per information received from various Ministries/ Departments, the representation of SCs, STs and OBCs in posts and services of the Central Government as on 1.1.2011 is as under:-
Group
SCs
STs
OBCs
Number
%
Number
%
Number
%
A
8922
11.5
3732
4.8
5357
6.9
B
28403
14.9
11357
6.0
13897
7.3
C
370557
16.4
174562
7.7
346433
15.3
(erstwhile) D
110515
23.0
32791
6.8
81468
17.0

(e): A Special Recruitment Drive to fill up the backlog reserved vacancies of SCs, STs and OBCs in services of the Central Government was launched on 19th November, 2008 to fill up all backlog vacancies existing as on 1.11.2008 then it was extended till 30.6.2011. The progress of the drive was reviewed on 1st July, 2011 and it was decided to re-launch the drive so as to fill up the remaining identified backlog vacancies by 31.03.2012.
As reported by the Ministries/Departments so far, the backlog vis-à-vis filled up vacancies of SCs, STs and OBCs is given in the following table:
Category
Backlog-vacancies
Filled-up
SCs
24779
16693
STs
30010
15813
OBCs
22886
12950


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