Nov 14, 2017

What is Bharat NET Project or Scheme Launched by Indian Government

What is Bharat NET Project or Scheme Launched by Indian Government
Bharat Net is a project which introduced by the current government of India that is BJP. Bharat Net presented to connect the nearly 2, 50, 000 Gram Panchayat with high speed of the internet.

“Bharat Net has collaborated with a government telecommunication department BBNL (Bharat Broadband Network Limited). “

Bharat Net is for various e-Government services like telemedicine, tele-education, e-Health, and e-Entertainment, etc. The project aims to create local employment opportunities and increase in social-economic growth in the area.

 Bharat Net project estimated that it may establish by 2017. It will provide around 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps speed in the respective field. It is world’s most extensive rural broadband connectivity program using Optical fiber.

Vision-: Bharat Net is a project of national importance that should be established, by 2017. It requires highly scalable network infrastructure accessible on a non-discriminatory basis, to provide demand speed and affordable broadband connectivity using optical fiber as a medium with speed of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps for all households and to all institutions, to realize the vision of Digital India, in partnership with States and the private sector.

History-: This project has evolved from the earlier project National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) of providing 100 Mbps to all Gram Panchayat (GPs). This project was signed in 2012 but made slow progress in work. One of the main reason of slow growth was the slow implementation by three central public-sector undertakings (CPSUs) which is Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Power Grid Corp. of India Ltd (PGCIL) and Railtel Corp. of India Ltd. Diffused control and the relation between Bharat Broadband Network Ltd. The company managing the project and the CPSUs, and lack of appropriate ownership by BBNL.

Requirements-:  It requires budget telecoms introducing these types of projects in rural areas. The Finance Minister of India Arun Jaitley has increased the Budget of Bharat Net project to 10,000 Crore for 2017-18, up from 6,000 Crore and said high-speed broadband connectivity on optical fiber will be available in more than 1.50 lakh gram Panchayat by 30,500-gram.

Target-:  By the end of 2017-18, the high-speed broadband connectivity services on optical fiber will be available at more than 1.50 lakh Gram Panchayat, with Wi-Fi hotspots and access to digital services at low tariffs.

Status of Project-: The status of the project is in progress. They have laid OFC (Optical Fiber Conference) 2, 50, 196 Km (1, 10, 368 GPs), Optical Fiber had been laid up to 2, 38, 677 Km (1, 03, 275 GPs), tender finalized 3332 Blocks / 1, 24, 669 GPs. Under the first phase, one lakh Gram Panchayat would be provided connectivity by laying underground optic fiber cable (OFC) lines by March 2017. The project will start its second and final phase of Bharat Net project on Monday (13 November 2017) with budgets of around Rs 34,000 Crore to provide high-speed broadband in all Panchayat by March 2019. India, as presented, has 38,000 Wi-Fi hotspots. Under Bharat Net phase 2, around 6-7 lakh Wi-fi hotspots will be added to 2-5 hotspots in each Gram Panchayat. Some of the Wi-Fi hotspots may not be commercially viable initially. So, we will provide viability gap funding of around Rs 3,600 Crore to telecom operators," the secretary said. The total cost of the project will be around Rs 10,000 Crore.

Government act towards private telecom-: The Government has proposed a subsidy of Rs 3,600 Crore to private telecoms such as Bharti Airtel, Vodafone India, Idea Cellular and Reliance Jio. Through viability gap funding, for setting up Wi-Fi in rural areas as part of the second phase of the Bharat Net project, set for a launch Monday. Airtel which is private telecom plans to utilize Bharat Net’s optical fiber network in around 30,500-gram Panchayat for which it has already started the survey and feasibility study in a large number of villages.

Forecasting-:  With the help of these resources we can predict that after the end of 2017-2018 and some starting phase of 2019 may complete this project before the starting of elections.

Bharat Net would be a good project for connecting the rural areas to high-speed broadband services were get a good data speed around 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps as information given by the government of India. But I will require an excellent time to installing or covering all the Grams Panchayat which is around 2, 50,000 in number including all states and provinces of India.


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