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JEE
Main 2018 Exam pattern and syllabus brief details:
Organization Name

JEE IIT

Exam name

Joint Entrance Engineering exam

Category

Exam pattern and syllabus

Official site

jeemain.nic.in

Mode to apply

Online

JEE Main Exam consists of three subjects:
·
Physics
·
Mathematics
·
Chemistry
JEE
Main Physics Syllabus
The syllabus contains two Sections – A and
B.
·
SectionA pertains to the
Theory Part having 80% weightage
·
Section – B contains Practical
Component (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage.
SECTION
A
UNIT
1: Physics and Measurement
·
Physics, technology and
society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units.
·
Last count, accuracy and
precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Significant figures.
·
Dimensions of Physical
quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
UNIT
2: Kinematics:
Frame of reference, Motion in a straight
line: Positiontime graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and nonuniform motion,
average speed and instantaneous velocity uniformly accelerated motion,
velocitytime, position time graphs, and relations for uniformly accelerated
motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector,
Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative
Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
UNIT
3: Laws of Motion
·
Force and Inertia
·
Newton’s First Law of motion;
Momentum
·
Newton’s Second Law of motion;
Impulse
·
Newton’s Third Law of
motion:Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium
of concurrent forces.
·
Static and Kinetic friction,
laws of friction, rolling friction.
·
Dynamics of uniform circular
motion: Centripetal force and its applications.
UNIT
4: Work, Energy and Power
·
Work done by a constant force
and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem,
power.
·
Potential energy of a spring,
conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces; Elastic
and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
UNIT
5: Rotational Motion
·
Centre of mass of a
twoparticle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of
rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of
angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration.
·
Values of moments of inertia
for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and
their applications.
·
Rigid body rotation, equations
of rotational motion.
UNIT
6: Gravitation
·
The universal law of
gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and
depth.
·
Kepler’s laws of planetary
motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape
velocity.
·
Orbital velocity of a
satellite. Geostationary satellites.
UNIT
7: Properties of Solids and Liquids
·
Elastic behaviour,
Stressstrain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus
of rigidity.
·
Pressure due to a fluid column;
Pascal’s law and its applications.
·
Viscosity, Stokes’ law,
terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s
principle and its applications.
·
Surface energy and surface
tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and
capillary rise.
·
Heat, temperature, thermal
expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat.
·
Heat transfer conduction,
convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.
UNIT
8: Thermodynamics
·
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law
of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy.
·
First law of thermodynamics.
Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.
·
Carnot engine and its
efficiency.
UNIT
9: Kinetic Theory of Gases
·
Equation of state of a perfect
gas, work doneon compressing a gas.
·
Kinetic theory of gases –
assumptions, concept of pressure.
·
Kinetic energy and temperature:
rms speed of gas molecules;
·
Degrees of freedom, Law of
equipartition of energy,applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean
free path, Avogadro’s number.
UNIT
10: Oscillations and Waves
·
Periodic motion – period,
frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple
harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring
restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential
energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free,
forced and damped oscillations, resonance.
·
Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse
waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle
of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and
organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
UNIT
11: Electrostatics
·
Electric charges: Conservation
of charge, Coulomb’s lawforces between two point charges, forces between
multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
·
Electric field: Electric
field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric
field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
·
Electric flux: Gauss’s law
and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged
straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged
thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point
charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces,
Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic
field.
·
Conductors and
insulators: Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination
of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate
capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored
in a capacitor.
UNIT
12: Current Electricity:
·
Electric current, Drift
velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials,
VI characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and
power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel
combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
·
Electric Cell and its internal
resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells
in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone
bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
UNIT
13: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
·
Biot – Savart law and its
application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications
to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a
moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
·
Force on a currentcarrying
conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel currentcarrying
conductorsdefinition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in
uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and
conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
·
Current loop as a magnetic
dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid,
magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para, dia
and ferro magnetic substances.
·
Magnetic susceptibility and
permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
UNIT
14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
·
Electromagnetic induction;
Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and
mutual inductance.
·
Alternating currents, peak and
rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series
circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
·
AC generator and transformer.
UNIT
15: Electromagnetic Waves
·
Electromagnetic waves and their
characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
·
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio
waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays).
Applications of e.m. waves.
UNIT
16: Optics
·
Reflection and refraction of
light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal
reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism,
Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in
contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and
their magnifying powers.
·
Wave optics: wavefront and
Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle.
Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width,
coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single
slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical
telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane
polarized light and Polaroids.
UNIT
17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
·
Dual nature of radiation.
·
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and
Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of
light.
·
Matter waveswave nature of
particle, de Broglie relation. DavissonGermer experiment.
UNIT
18: Atoms and Nuclei
·
Alphaparticle scattering
experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen
spectrum.
·
Composition and size of
nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
·
Radioactivityalpha, beta and
gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Massenergy
relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass
number, nuclear fission and fusion.
UNIT
19: Electronic Devices
·
Semiconductors; semiconductor
diode: IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier;
IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode
as a voltage regulator.
·
Junction transistor, transistor
action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common
emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and
NOR). Transistor as a switch.
UNIT
20: Communication Systems
Propagation of
electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need
for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals,
Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System
(Block Diagram only)
SECTIONB
UNIT
21: Experimental Skills
·
Vernier callipers – its use to
measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
·
Screw gaugeits use to
determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
·
Simple Pendulumdissipation of
energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
·
Metre Scale – mass of a given
object by principle of moments.
·
Young’s modulus of elasticity
of the material of a metallic wire.
·
Surface tension of water by
capillary rise and effect of detergents.
·
Coefficient of Viscosity of a
given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
·
Plotting a cooling curve for
the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
·
Speed of sound in air at room
temperature using a resonance tube.
·
Specific heat capacity of a
given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
·
Resistivity of the material of
a given wire using metre bridge.
·
Resistance of a given wire
using Ohm’s law.
·
Potentiometer – (i)
Comparison of emf of two primary cells. (ii) Determination of internal
resistance of a cell.
·
Resistance and figure of merit
of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
·
Focal length of: (i)
Convex mirror (ii) Concave mirror, and (iii) Convex lens using
parallax method.
·
Plot of angle of deviation vs
angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
·
Refractive index of a glass
slab using a travelling microscope.
·
Characteristic curves of a pn
junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
·
Characteristic curves of a
Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
·
Characteristic curves of a
transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
·
Identification of Diode, LED,
Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
·
Using multimeter to: (i)
Identify base of a transistor (ii) Distinguish between npn and pnp type
transistor (iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode
and an LED. (iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic
component (diode, transistor or IC).
JEE
Main Maths Syllabus
UNIT
1: Sets, Relations and Functions
Sets and their
representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic
properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations,
functions;. oneone, into and onto functions, composition of functions.
UNIT
2: Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
·
Complex numbers as ordered
pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their
representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus
and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number
·
Square root of a complex
number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number
system and their solutions.
·
Relation between roots and
coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given
roots.
UNIT
3: Matrices and Determinants
·
Matrices, algebra of matrices,
types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three.
·
Properties of determinants,
evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants.
·
Adjoint and evaluation of
inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations,
Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or
three variables using determinants and matrices.
UNIT
4: Permutations and Combinations
Fundamental
principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as
selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.
UNIT
5: Mathematical Induction
Principle of Mathematical Induction and its
simple applications
UNIT
6: Binomial Theorem
Binomial theorem
for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of
Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
UNIT
7: Sequences and Series
·
Arithmetic and Geometric
progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given
numbers.
·
Relation between A.M. and G.M.
·
Sum upto n terms of special
series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3. Arithmetico – Geometric progression.
UNIT
8: Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
·
Real – valued functions,
algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and
exponential functions, inverse functions.
·
Graphs of simple functions.
Limits, continuity and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum,
difference, product and quotient of two functions.
·
Differentiation of
trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and
implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean
Value Theorems.
·
Applications of derivatives:
Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions,
Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.
UNIT
9: Integral Calculus
·
Integral as an anti – derivative.
·
Fundamental integrals involving
algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
·
Integration by substitution, by
parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.
·
Evaluation of simple integrals
of the type
·
Integral as limit of a sum.
Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
·
Properties of definite
integrals.
·
Evaluation of definite
integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in
standard form.
UNIT
10: Differential Equations
·
Ordinary differential
equations, their order and degree.
·
Formation of differential
equations.
·
Solution of differential
equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and
linear differential equations.
UNIT
11: Coordinate Geometry
·
Cartesian system of rectangular
coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its
equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular
lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
·
Straight lines
·
Various forms of equations of a
line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for
concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of
internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of
centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of
lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
·
Circles, conic sections
·
Standard form of equation of a
circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre,
equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of
intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition
for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of
cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in
standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of
tangency.
UNIT
12: Three Dimensional Geometry
·
Coordinates of a point in
space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and
direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines.
·
Skew lines, the shortest
distance between them and its equation.
·
Equations of a line and a plane
in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
UNIT
13: Vector Algebra
Vectors and
scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and
three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple
product.
UNIT
14: Statistics and Probability
·
Measures of Dispersion
·
Calculation of mean, median,
mode of grouped and ungrouped data.
·
Calculation of standard
deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
·
Probability
·
Probability of an event,
addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem,
probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial
distribution.
UNIT
15: Trigonometry
·
Trigonometrical identities and
equations.
·
Trigonometrical functions.
Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. Heights and Distances.
UNIT
16: Mathematical Reasoning
·
Statements, logical operations
and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if.
·
Understanding of tautology,
contradiction, converse and contra positive.
Section
A: Physical Chemistry
Read Also: JEE Main Counselling
UNIT
1: Some Basic concepts in Chemistry
Matter and its
nature, Dalton’s atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element and
compound; Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision
and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis; Laws of chemical
combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage
composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and
stoichiometry.
UNIT
2: States of Matter
·
Classification of matter into
solid, liquid and gaseous states
·
Gaseous State: Measurable
properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of
diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; Concept of
Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases (only
postulates); Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities;
Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, van der
Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.
·
Liquid State: Properties of
liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of
temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
· Solid State: Classification of
solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and
crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit
cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids,
calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids;
Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.
UNIT
3: Atomic Structure
· Discovery of subatomic
particles (electron, proton and neutron); Thomson and Rutherford atomic models
and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric
effect; Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its
postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of
the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter,
deBroglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
· Elementary ideas of quantum
mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, concept of
atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; Variation of Ψ and
Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal,
angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes
of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for
filling electrons in orbitals – aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle
and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of
halffilled and completely filled orbitals.
UNIT
4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
·
Kossel – Lewis approach to
chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
·
Ionic Bonding: Formation
of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of
lattice enthalpy.
·
Covalent Bonding: Concept
of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair
Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
·
Quantum mechanical approach to
covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – Its important features, concept of
hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; Resonance.
·
Molecular Orbital Theory –
Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding,
antibonding), sigma and pibonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations
of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond
energy.
·
Elementary idea of metallic
bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
UNIT
5: Chemical Thermodynamics
·
Fundamentals of
thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive
properties, state functions, types of processes.
·
First law of
thermodynamics: Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat
capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation;
Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization,
sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.
·
Second law of
thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; ΔS of the universe and ΔG of the
system as criteria for spontaneity, ΔGo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and
equilibrium constant.
UNIT
6: Solutions
Different
methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole
fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions
and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and nonideal solutions, vapour pressure –
composition, plots for ideal and nonideal solutions; Colligative properties of
dilute solutions – relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing
point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of
molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass,
van’t Hoff factor and its significance.
UNIT
7: Equilibrium
·
Meaning of equilibrium, concept
of dynamic equilibrium
·
Equilibria involving physical
processes: Solid liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s
law, general characterics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
·
Equilibria involving chemical
processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc)
and their significance, significance of ΔG and ΔGo in chemical equilibria,
factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of
catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.
·
Ionic equilibrium: Weak
and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids
and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid –
base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants,
ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of
their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products,
buffer solutions.
UNIT
8: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
·
Electronic concepts of
oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning
oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.
·
Eectrolytic and metallic
conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar
conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its
applications.
·
Electrochemical cells –
Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode
potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell
reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its
applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change; Dry
cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
UNIT
9: Chemical Kinetics
Rate of a
chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration,
temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and
molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential
and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and
half – lives, effect of temperature on rate of reactions – Arrhenius theory,
activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous
reactions (no derivation).
UNIT
10: Surface Chemistry
·
Adsorption – Physisorption
and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of
gases on solids – Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from
solutions.
·
Catalysis – Homogeneous and
heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis
and its mechanism.
·
Colloidal state –
distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of
colloids – lyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated
colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids – Tyndall effect,
Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation;
Emulsions and their characteristics.
Section
B: Inorganic Chemistry
UNIT
11: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Modem periodic
law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements,
periodic trends in properties of elementsatomic and ionic radii, ionization
enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical
reactivity.
UNIT
12: General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals
Modes of
occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; steps involved in the
extraction of metals – concentration, reduction (chemical. and electrolytic
methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn
and Fe; Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction
of metals.
UNIT
13: Hydrogen
Position of
hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of
hydrogen; Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; Structure,
preparation, reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide; Classification of
hydrides – ionic, covalent and interstitial; Hydrogen as a fuel.
UNIT
14: s – Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
·
Group 1 and Group 2 Elements
·
General introduction,
electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties
of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal
relationships.
·
Preparation and properties of
some important compounds – sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide
and sodium hydrogen carbonate; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of
Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
UNIT
15: p – Block Elements
·
Group 13 to Group 18 Elements
·
General Introduction:
Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties
of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the
first element in each group.
·
Groupwise study of the p – block
elements
·
Group – 13: Preparation,
properties and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of
borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums.
·
Group – 14: Tendency for
catenation; Structure, properties and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon,
silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones.
·
Group – 15: Properties and uses
of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation,
properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and
phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen
and phosphorus.
·
Group – 16: Preparation,
properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of
sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphur dioxide,
sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids
of sulphur.
·
Group – 17: Preparation,
properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic
nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and
oxoacids of halogens.
·
Group – 18: Occurrence and uses
of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.
UNIT
16: d – and f – Block Elements
·
Transition Elements: General
introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general
trends in properties of the first row transition elements – physical
properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour,
catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial
compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of
K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
·
Inner Transition Elements
·
Lanthanoids – Electronic
configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid
contraction.
·
Actinoids – Electronic
configuration and oxidation states.
UNIT
17: Coordination Compounds
Introduction to
coordination compounds, Werner’s theory; ligands, coordination number,
denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination
compounds, isomerism; BondingValence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal
field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of coordination
compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological
systems).
UNIT
18: Environmental Chemistry
·
Environmental pollution –
Atmospheric, water and soil.
·
Atmospheric pollution –
Tropospheric and stratospheric
·
Tropospheric pollutants –
Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their
sources, harmful effects and prevention; Green house effect and Global warming;
Acid rain; Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their
sources, harmful effects and prevention.
·
Stratospheric pollution –
Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer – its mechanism and
effects.
·
Water Pollution – Major
pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their
harmful effects and prevention.
·
Soil pollution – Major
pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides,. herbicides and fungicides),
their harmful effects and prevention.
·
Strategies to control
environmental pollution
SectionC:
Organic Chemistry
UNIT
19: Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds
·
Purification –
Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and
chromatography – principles and their applications
·
Qualitative analysis –
Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens
·
Quantitative
analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon, hydrogen,
nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.
·
Calculations of empirical
formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative
analysis
UNIT
20: Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
·
Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes
of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic
compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C ? C – and those
containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism
– structural and stereoisomerism.
·
Nomenclature (Trivial and
IUPAC): Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals,
carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals,
electrophiles and nucleophiles.
·
Electronic displacement in a
covalent bond – Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and
hyperconjugation.
·
Common types of organic
reactions – Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
UNIT
21: Hydrocarbons
·
Classification, isomerism,
IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions
·
Alkanes – Conformations:
Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of
alkanes.
·
Alkenes – Geometrical
isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens,
water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis,
oxidation, and polymerization.
·
Alkynes – Acidic
character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides;
Polymerization.
·
Aromatic hydrocarbons –
Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic
substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and
acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
UNIT
22: Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
·
General methods of preparation,
properties and reactions; Nature of CX bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
·
Uses; Environmental effects of
chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT.
UNIT
23: Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
·
General methods of preparation,
properties, reactions and uses
·
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
·
Alcohols: Identification of
primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
·
Phenols: Acidic nature,
electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation,
Reimer – Tiemann reaction.
·
Ethers: Structure.
·
Aldehyde and Ketones
·
Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic
addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones;
Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN,
NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner
and Clemmensen); acidity of ? – hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro
reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes
and Ketones.
·
Carboxylic Acids: Acidic
strength and factors affecting it.
UNIT
24: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
·
General methods of preparation,
properties, reactions and uses.
·
Amines: Nomenclature,
classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary,
secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
·
Diazonium
Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
UNIT
25: Polymers
·
General introduction and
classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization – addition and
condensation, copolymerization;
·
Natural and synthetic rubber
and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and
uses – polythene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.
UNIT
26: Bio Molecules
·
General introduction and
importance of biomolecules
·
Carbohydrates –
Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose),
constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and
polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
·
Proteins – Elementary Idea
of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary,
tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of
proteins, enzymes.
·
Vitamins – Classification
and functions.
·
Nucleic Acids – Chemical
constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.
UNIT
27: Chemistry in Everyday Life
·
Chemicals in medicines –
Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials,
antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamins – their meaning and
common examples.
·
Chemicals in food –
Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples.
·
Cleansing agents – Soaps
and detergents, cleansing action.
UNIT
28: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry
·
Detection of extra elements
(N,S, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional
groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone),
carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
·
Chemistry involved in the
preparation of the following:
Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum.
Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum.
Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
·
Chemistry involved in the
titrimetric excercises – Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalicacid vs
KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
·
Chemical principles involved in
the qualitative salt analysis:
Cations – Pb2+ , Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+.
Anions CO32, S2, SO42, NO2, NO3, CI, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
Cations – Pb2+ , Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+.
Anions CO32, S2, SO42, NO2, NO3, CI, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
·
Chemical principles involved in
the following experiments:
·
Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
·
Enthalpy of neutralization of
strong acid and strong base. .
·
Preparation of lyophilic and
lyophobic sols.
·
Kinetic study of reaction of
iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.
Part I
Awareness of Persons, Places, Buildings, Materials
Objects Texture related to Architecture and build
environment
Visualizing three dimensional objects from two
dimensional drawings
Visualizing different sides of three dimensional
objects
Analytical Reasoning
Mental Ability (Visual, Numerical and Verbal)

Part II
Sketching of scenes and activities Memory of
urbanscape (public space, market, festivals, street scenes, monuments,
recreational spaces etc), Memory of Landscape (river fronts, jungles.
gardens, tre es, plants etc) and Memory of Rural life
Three dimensional – perception: Understanding and
appreciation of scale and proportion of objects, building forms and elements,
colour texture, harmony and contrast
Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes
and patterns in pencil
Transformation of forms both 2 D and 3 D union,
substraction, rotation, development of surfaces and volumes, Generation of
Plan, elevations and 3 D views of objects.
Creating two dimensional and three dimensional
compositions using given shapes and forms

JEE
Main Exam Pattern:
JEE Main Paper 1 Exam
Pattern
Subjects

Questions

Marks

Chemistry

30

120

Physics

30

120

Mathematics

30

120

Total

90

360

JEE Main Paper 2 Exam
Pattern
Subjects

Questions

Marks

Mathematics

30

120

Aptitude test

50

200

Drawing

2

70

Total

82

390

Official site: check here
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